The Central Vigilance Commission was set up by the Government of India in February, 1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.
CVC is conceived to be the apex vigilance institution, free of control from any executive authority, monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government and advising various authorities in Central Government organisations in planning, executing, reviewing and reforming their vigilance work.
Consequent upon promulgation of an Ordinance by the President, the Central Vigilance Commission has been made a multi member Commission with "statutory status" with effect from 25 August, 1998.
The CVC Bill was passed by both the houses of Parliament in 2003 and the President gave his assent on 11 September 2003. Thus the Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 (No45 Of 2003) came into effect from that date.
The Commission shall consist of:
Vide GOI Resolution on "Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informer" dated April 2004, the Government of India has authorised the Central Vigilance Commission as the "Designated Agency" to receive written complaints for disclosure on any allegation of corruption or misuse of office and recommend appropriate action.
The Central Vigilance Commission has its own Secretariat. The Secretariat consists of a Secretary of the rank of Additional Secretary to the GOI, one officer of the rank of Joint Secretary to the GOI, ten officers of the rank of Director/Deputy Secretary, four Under Secretaries and office staff.
Chief Technical Examiners` Writing Wing (CTE)
The Chief Technical Examiner`s Organisation constitutes the technical wing of the Central Vigilance Commission (India) and is manned by two Engineers of the rank of Chief Engineers (designated as Chief Technical Examiners) with supporting engineering staff.
The main functions assigned to this organisation are:
Tendering of advice/assistance to the Commission and Chief Vigilance Officers in vigilance cases involving technical matters.
Powers and Functions of Central Vigilance Commission
To exercise superintendence over the functioning of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) with respect to investigation under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988; or offence under CRPC for certain categories of public servants and to give directions to the DSPE for purpose of discharging this responsibility;
a) to review the progress of investigations conducted by the DSPE into offences alleged to have been committed under the Prevention of Corruption Act;
b) to undertake an inquiry or cause an inquiry or investigation to be made into any transaction in which a public servant working in any organisation, to which the executive control of the Government of India extends, is suspected or alleged to have acted for an improper purpose or in a corrupt manner;
c) to tender independent and impartial advice to the disciplinary and other authorities in disciplinary cases, involving vigilance angle at different stages i.e. investigation, inquiry, appeal, review etc.;
d) to exercise a general check and supervision over vigilance and anti-corruption work in Ministries or Departments of the Govt. of India and other organisations to which the executive power of the Union extends; and
e) to chair the Committee for selection of Director (CBI), Director (Enforcement Directorate) and officers of the level of SP and above in DSPE.
f) To undertake or cause an inquiry into complaints received under the Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informer and recommend appropriate action.
Commission`s Jurisdiction under CVC Act:
Chief Vigilance Officers
The Chief Vigilance Officers are extended hands of the CVC. The Chief Vigilance Officers are considerably higher level officers who are appointed in each and every Department/ Organisation to assist the Head of the Department/Organisation in all vigilance matters.
The Chief Vigilance Officers constitute an important link between the organisations concerned and the Central Vigilance Commission (as also the CBI).
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