Index

Announcements -

  1. Online Coaching for Group 1 Mains
  2. Register for Online Coaching for Group 1 Mains
  3. Subscribe for SMS alerts 
  4. Download Group 1 Syllabus in pdf format 
  5. Reference Books for Group 1 Mains
  6. Download Free Material for Group 1 Prelims including Bit Bank, Model Papers and Previous Papers
  7. Download Free Material for Group 1 Prelims Torrent File
  8. Free Download 6th to 12th Class NCERT Text Books (Torrent)
  9. Group 1 Preliminary Exam Date
  10. Plan of Preparation
  11. Group 1
  12. Download Group 1 2010 Hall Tickets 
  13. NCERT Textbooks online
  14. Examination Schedule as on 25th September, 2009
  15. Thanks Giving
  16. New Look
  17. Links to Government of India Sites
  18. 2009 Civil Services Final Results
  19. 2010 Civil Services Preliminary Exam Results

General -
  1. Unity of India
  2. List of Phobias
  3. Earth - Factfile
  4. Moon - Factfile
  5. Vital Data of India
  6. Important World Days
  7. Important International Years
  8. International Years
  9. Armed Forces Tribunal
  10. Pramod Muthalik caught on tape 
  11. National Committees 
  12. Top 10 Largest Countries
  13. Top 10 Most Populous Countries
  14. Common Wealth Games 2010
  15. Ayodhya Verdict

Economy -
  1. An introduction to Macroeconomics
  2. Economic Agents
  3. Emergence of MacroEconomics 
  4. Some Basic Concepts of MacroEconomics  
  5. National Income and Methods of Calculating National Income
  6. Product Method (or) Value Added Method of calculating National Income
  7. Expenditure Method
  8. Income Method
  9. Some Macroeconomic Identities
  10. Goods and Prices
  11. GDP and Welfare
  12. Money and Banking - An Introduction
  13. Functions of Money
  14. Demand for Money
  15. Supply of Money
  16. Narrow and Broad Money
  17. Money creation by the Banking System
  18. Monetary Policy and RBI
  19. Income Determination
  20. The short run fixed price analysis of the Product
  21. The Government - Functions and Scope
  22. Components of Budget 
  23. Revenue Receipts
  24. Revenue Expenditure 
  25. The Capital Account
  26. Measures of Government Deficit
  27. Fiscal Policy
  28. Public Debt
  29. Indian Economy
  30. Open Economy Macroeconomics
  31. The Balance of Payments
  32. The Foreign Exchange Market
  33. Determination of Income in an Open Economy
  34. Economy - Important terms and Definitions
  35. A simple Economy
  36. Central problems of an Economy
  37. Organisation of Economic Activities
  38. Positive and Normative Economics
  39. Microeconomics and Macroeconomics
  40. Industrial Policies of India
  41. Indian Planning and Industries

History -
  1. Aryans in Protohistoric India
  2. Indus Valley Civilization and Aryans
  3. Introduction to Ancient Indian History
  4. Arts in Ancient India
  5. Languages in Ancient India
  6. Literature in Ancient India
  7. Position of Women in Ancient India
  8. Education in Ancient India
  9. Mathematics in Ancient India
  10. Caste System in Ancient India
  11. Basis for Periodization
  12. Sources of Prehistory
  13. Food Gathering Communities
  14. Food Producing Communities
  15. Neolithic Age
  16. Iron Age
  17. Chalcolithic Phase
  18. Farming Communities
  19. Indus Valley Civilization
  20. Vedic Civilization
  21. Pre-Mauryan Period
  22. The Mauryan Period
  23. Post-Mauryan Period
  24. Indo-Greeks
  25. Sunga Dynasty
  26. Kushan Dynasty
  27. Satavahana Dynasty
  28. Sangam Literature
  29. Religions in Ancient India
  30. Jainism
  31. Buddhism
  32. Sources of Gupta Rule
  33. Gupta Administration
  34. Gupta Culture
  35. Economic Conditions in Gupta Period
  36. Harshavardhana
  37. The rise of Cholas
  38. Cholas
  39. The Pallavas
  40. The Palas
  41. The Pratiharas
  42. The Rashtrakutas
  43. The Hoyasalas
  44. The Cheras
  45. The Chalukyas of Badami


Polity -
  1. Finance Ministers of India 
  2. Railway Ministers of India
  3. Speakers of Indian Parliament
  4. Indian Constitution - Borrowed Elements
  5. Nature of Indian Constitution - 1
  6. Nature of Indian Constitution - 2
  7. Nature of Indian Constitution - 3
  8. Constitution of India - Federal or Unitary ?
  9. Development of Indian Constitution
  10. Salient Features of Indian Constitution - 1
  11. Salient features of Indian Constitution - 2
  12. Preamble
  13. Fundamental Rights - 1
  14. Fundamental Rights - 2 
  15. Directive Principles of State Policy - 1
  16. Directive Principles of State Policy - 2
  17. Directive Principles of State Policy - 3
  18. Purpose and significance of Directive Principles
  19. Relation between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles - 1
  20. Relation between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles - 2
  21. Relation between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles - 3
  22. Fundamental Duties
Current Affairs -
  1. October 1 - 15, 2008 - National Events
  2. October 1 - 15, 2008 - International Events
  3. October 1 - 15, 2008 - Economy
  4. October 1 - 15, 2008 - Science and technology
  5. October 1 - 15, 2008 - Persons in News
  6. October 1 - 15, 2008 - Awards
  7. October 1 - 15, 2008 - Sports & Miscl.

S&T -
  1. Development of Science and Technology in India 
  2. Some Important Terminology in Digestive System

Geography -
  1. Mineral Resources of India 
  2. International Boundaries of India
  3. Indian Railway Zones

Previous Papers & Model Papers -
  1. Civil Services Preliminary 2005 Question Paper with Answers
  2. Civil Services Preliminary 2009 Question Paper with answers.
  3. Civil Services Preliminary 2010 Question Paper with Answers
  4. Civil Services Preliminary 2010 History Paper with Answers
  5. Civil Services Preliminary 2010 Public Administration Paper
  6. Group 1 Prelims Model Papers
  7. Group 1 Preliminary 2010 Question Paper with Answers

Free Audio Lessons -
  1. Introduction to Indian History
  2. Prehistoric Age
  3. Indus Valley Civilization
  4. Vedic Civilization
  5. The Mahajanapadas
  6. Magadha Imperialism
  7. Religious Reforms in Ancient India
  8. Jainism in a nutshell
  9. Jainism in detail
  10. Buddhism in a nutshell
  11. Buddhism in detail
  12. Gandhara School of Art
  13. Mathura School of Art
  14. Amaravati School of Art

    Fundamental Duties of India are guaranteed by the Constitution of India in Part IV. These fundamental duties are identified as the moral obligations that actually help in upholding the spirit of nationalism as well as to support the harmony of the nation. These duties are designed concerning the individuals and the nation. However, these fundamental duties are not legally enforceable. Furthermore, the citizens are morally obligated by the constitution to perform these duties. These Fundamental Duties were added by the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976. Article 51-A of the constitution provides ten Fundamental Duties of the citizen. These duties can be classified accordingly as relating to the environment, duties towards the state and the nation and also towards self. However, the fundamental duties are non-justiciable, and the main purpose of incorporating is to encourage the sense of patriotism among the country`s citizens.

    The international instruments such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights include reference of such fundamental duties. These Fundamental Duties are such commitments that expand to the citizens as well as the state at large. According to the Fundamental Duties all the citizens should respect the national symbols as well as the constitution of the country. The fundamental duties of the land also intend to uphold the right of equality of all individuals, defend the environment and the public property, to build up scientific temper, to disown violence, to struggle towards excellence and to offer compulsory education. In addition, the 11th Fundamental Duty of the country was added in the year 2002 by the 86th constitutional amendment. It states that `every citizen who is a parent or guardian, to offer opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and 14 years`.

    Fundamental Duties of India are as follows -

  1. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;




  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;




  3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;




  4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;




  5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;




  6. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;




  7. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;




  8. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;




  9. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence;




  10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
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