The much awaited verdict on the dispute of Ram janmabhoomi Babri Manjid Case was given by the High Court of Allahabad. The 3-member bench included -
- Hon'ble Sibghat Ullah Khan ,J.
- Hon'ble Sudhir Agarwal, J.
- Hon'ble Dharam Veer Sharma, J.
1. Whether the disputed site is the birth place of Bhagwan Ram?
The disputed site is the birth place of Lord Ram. Place of birth is a juristic person and is a deity. It is personified as the spirit of divine worshipped as birth place of Lord Rama as a child. Spirit of divine ever remains present every where at all times for any one to invoke at any shape or form in accordance with his own aspirations and it can be shapeless and formless also.
2. Whether the disputed building was a mosque? When was it built? By whom?
The disputed building was constructed by Babar, the year is not certain but it was built against the tenets of Islam. Thus, it cannot have the character of a mosque.
3. Whether the mosque was built after demolishing a Hindu temple?
The disputed structure was constructed on the site of old structure after demolition of the same. The Archaeological Survey of India has proved that the structure was a massive Hindu religious structure.
4. Whether the idols were placed in the building on the night of December 22/23rd, 1949?
The idols were placed in the middle dome of the disputed structure in the intervening night of 22/23.12.1949.
5. Whether any of the claims for title is time barred?
O.O.S. No. 4 of 1989, the Sunni Central Board of Waqfs U.P., Lucknow and others Vs. Gopal Singh Visharad and others and O.O.S. No.3 of 1989, Nirmohi Akhara and Another Vs. Sri Jamuna Prasad Singh and others are barred by time.
6. What will be the status of the disputed site e.g. inner and outer courtyard?
It is established that the property in suit is the site of Janm Bhumi of Ram Chandra Ji and Hindus in general had the right to worship Charan, Sita Rasoi, other idols and other object of worship existed upon the property in suit. It is also established that Hindus have been worshipping the place in dispute as Janm Sthan i.e. a birth place as deity and visiting it as a sacred place of pilgrimage as of right since time immemorial.
After the construction of the disputed structure it is proved the deities were installed inside the disputed structure on 22/23.12.1949. It is also proved that the outer courtyard was in exclusive possession of Hindus and they were worshipping throughout and in the inner courtyard (in the disputed structure) they were also worshipping. It is also established that the disputed structure cannot be treated as a mosque as it came into existence against the tenets of Islam.
YOu canaccess the full verdict here.
Key Words : Ram Janmabhoomi, Babri Masjid, Babri Masjid demolition, Ayodhya, Ayodhya Case, Allahabad High court verdict.
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The principles of Directive Principles of State Policy are incorporated in the constitution of India based on the Directive Principles given in the Constitution of Ireland and also by the principles of Gandhism. The principles laid down are related to social justice, economic welfare, foreign policy, and legal and administrative matters. Moreover, these Directive principles are classified under the following categories: Gandhian, economic and socialistic, political and administrative, justice and legal, environmental, protection of monuments and peace and security.
According to the historical evidences, in 1919, the Rowlatt Acts gave extensive powers to the British government and police, and allowed indefinite arrest and detention of individuals, restrictions on public gatherings and intensive censorship of media and publications. All these led to public opposition and mass campaigns started demanding guaranteed civil freedoms, and limitations on government power. Thus the Directive Principles of State Policy in Irish constitution were looked upon by the people of India as an inspiration in order to independently handle complex social and economic challenges in the nation. The concept of these principles was augmented in 1928 by the Nehru Commission and in 1931 by the Indian National Congress. After India getting independence on 15 August 1947, the task of developing a constitution for the nation was undertaken by the Constituent Assembly of India. Hence, Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy were included in the I Draft Constitution by the constituent assembly.
Directive Principles of State Policy aims at creating social and economic conditions so that the citizens can lead a good life. The social and economic democracy is constituted for the welfare state. Furthermore, the DpSp are essential for to curb the power of the government and they act as an instrument used to measure the performance of the government. Though the Directive Principles are not justiciable, they are fundamental in the governance of the country. It is the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws. The DPSP helps the judiciary in deciding cases and also all executive agencies are guided by these principles.
The Directive Principles of State Policy laid down by the constitution puts forth that the State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by promoting a social order in which social, economic and political justice is informed in all institutions of life. The State shall provide free legal aid in order to ensure equal opportunities for securing justice. The State shall also work for organisation of village panchayat and enable them to function as units of self-government. The State shall endeavour to provide the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, within the limits of economic capacity. According to the principles, the State aims for securing right to an adequate means of livelihood for all citizens to men and women and offer equal pay for equal work for both men and women. Moreover, the State works to prevent concentration of wealth and means of production in a few hands, and try to ensure that ownership and control of the material resources is distributed to best serve the common good.
Prevention of child abuse and exploitation of workers and ensuring living wage and proper working conditions for workers, with full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural activities are the principles of the Directive Principles of State Policy. The state aims at promotion of cottage industries in rural areas and secures a uniform civil code for all citizens. Children are provided free and compulsory education till they attain the age of 14 years. However, the Directive regarding education of children was added by the 86th Amendment Act of the constitution. Other directive principles provide that the state should aim to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health. State should also organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines by improving breeds and prohibiting slaughter of cows, calves, other milch and draught cattle. Protection of monuments, places and objects of historic and artistic interest and national importance against destruction and damage, Protect and improvement of the environment and safeguarding the forests as well as the wild life of the country come under the directive principles. The 42nd Amendment Act, 1976 added the directive regarding protection of forests and wildlife. The directive principles also separate the judiciary from executive in public services. The principles provide that the State shall strive for the promotion and maintenance of international peace and security.
The Directive Principles:
- That the citizens, men and women equality, have the right to an adequate means to livelihood.
- That the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to sub serve the common good:
- That the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment;
- That there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women:
- That the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength.
- Those children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and again moral-and material abandonment.
- To secure equal justice by providing free legal aid to the poor and to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities;
- To organize village Panchayats and to endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-Government:
- To secure the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and other cases of undesired want;
- To make provision for security just and human conditions of work and for maternity relief.
- To secure to all workers, agricultural, industrial or otherwise, work aliving wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life and full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities, and in particular to Endeavour to promote cottage industries on an individual or cooperative basis in rural areas.
- To secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings, establishment of other organizations engaged in any industry.
- To secure for the citizens a unified civil code throughout the territory of India.
- To Endeavour to provide for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.
- To promote the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people and; in particular of the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and to protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation;
- To raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of the people and improve public health and to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medical purposes of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are' injurious- to health.
- To organize agriculture and animal husbandry on modern scientific lines and to take steps for preserving and improving the breeds and prohibiting the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and draught cattle;
- To protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country;
- To protect every monument or place or object of artistic or historic interest from spoliation, disfigurement, destruction, removal, disposal or export, as the case may be;
- To separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the state;
- To promote international peace and security, to maintain just and honorable relations between nations, to foster respect for International law and treaty obligations in the dealings of organized people with one .another and to encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.
Significance of the Directive Principles:
(a) that the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood;
(b) that the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to subserve the common good;
(c) that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment;
(d) that there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women;
(e) that the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength;
(f) that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.
(a) promote international peace and security;
(b) maintain just and honorable relations between nations;
(c) foster respect for international law and treaty obligations in the dealings of organized peoples with one another; and
(d) encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.
The Forty-second Amendment, which came into force in January 1977, attempted to raise the status of the Directive Principles by stating that no law implementing any of the Directive Principles could be declared unconstitutional on the grounds that it violated any of the Fundamental Rights. The amendment simultaneously stated that laws prohibiting "antinational activities" or the formation of "antinational associations" could not be invalidated because they infringed on any of the Fundamental Rights. It added a new section to the constitution on "Fundamental Duties" that enjoined citizens "to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood among all the people of India, transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities." However, the amendment reflected a new emphasis in governing circles on order and discipline to counteract what some leaders had come to perceive as the excessively freewheeling style of Indian democracy. After the March 1977 general election ended the control of the Congress (Congress (R) from 1969) over the executive and legislature for the first time since independence in 1947, the new Janata-dominated Parliament passed the Forty-third Amendment (1977) and Forty-fourth Amendment (1978). These amendments revoked the Forty-second Amendment's provision that Directive Principles take precedence over Fundamental Rights and also curbed Parliament's power to legislate against "antinational activities.”
The Directive Principles of State DPSP are Policy (contained in part IV, articles 36 to 50,) of the Indian Constitution. Many of the provisions correspond to the provisions of the ICESCR. For instance, article 43 provides that the state shall endeavor to secure, by suitable legislation or economic organization or in any other way, to all workers, agricultural, industrial or otherwise, work, a living wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life and full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities, and in particular the state shall endeavor to promote cottage industries on an individual or cooperative basis in rural areas. This corresponds more or less to articles 11 and 15 of the ICESCR. However, some of the ICESCR rights, for instance, the right to health (art. 12), have been interpreted by the Indian Supreme Court to form part of the right to life under article 21 of the Constitution, thus making it directly enforceable and justiciable. As a party to the ICESCR, the Indian legislature has enacted laws giving effect to some of its treaty obligations and these laws are in turn enforceable in and by the courts.
Article 37 of the Constitution declares that the DPSP “shall not be enforceable by any court, but the principles therein laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws.” It is not a mere coincidence that the apparent distinction that is drawn by scholars between the ICCPR rights and ESC rights holds good for the distinction that is drawn in the Indian context between fundamental rights and DPSP. Thus the bar to justiciability of the DPSP is spelled out in some sense in the Constitution itself.
It was said by several members in the Constituent Assembly that the directive principles are superfluous or mere guidelines or pious principles or instructions. They have no binding force on the State. In his speech Dr. Ambedkar answered.
“ The directive principles are like instruments of instructions which were issued to the Governor in General and Governors of colonies and to those of India by the British Government under the 1935 Act under the Draft Constitution. It is proposed to issue such instructions to the president and governors. The text of these instruments of the instructions shall be found in scheduled IV to the Constitution of India. What are called directive principles is that they are instructions to the Legislature and the Executive. Such a thing is, to my mind, to be welcomed. Wherever there is grant or power in general terms for peace, order and good government that it is necessary that it should be accompanied by the instructions regulating its exercise.” It was never intended by Dr. Ambedkar that the Directive Principles had no legal force but had moral effect while educating members of the Government and the legislature, nor can it be said that the answer referred to necessarily implied with the Directive Principles had no legal force.
Fundamental Rights are preserved as they guarantee civil liberties to all the citizens of the country for a calm and pleasant life. These are individual rights and comprise freedom of speech and expression, freedom to practice religion, equality before law, freedom of association and peaceful assembly and the right to constitutional remedies for the safeguard of civil rights by means of writs such as habeas corpus. The concept of providing the fundamental rights to the citizens has been taken from the England`s Bill of Rights; United States Bill of Rights and also France`s Declaration of the Rights of Man. Anyone who is violating the fundamental rights will face punishments in the court of law.
The Constitution of India guarantees six Fundamental Rights to the citizens. Right to Equality is the foremost right guaranteed to the citizens of India. It is provided in Articles 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of the constitution. This right is regarded as the principal foundation of all other rights and liberties. The Right to Equality guarantees Equality before law as per which citizens shall be equally protected by the laws of the country. Article 15 of the constitution states that there will be social equality and equal accessibility to public areas and no person shall be discriminated on the basis of caste, religion and language. Equality in matters of public employment is provided in Article 16 of the constitution of India that defines that all citizens can apply for government. Article 17 puts forth abolition of untouchability. The practice of untouchability is an offense and anyone found doing so is punishable by law. Abolition of titles is another right to equality described by the Article 18 of the constitution. It forbids the state from conferring any titles to the citizens of India.
Among the Fundamental Rights, Right to freedom is included in the articles 19, 20, 21 and 22. Right to freedom includes Freedom of speech and expression, Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms, Freedom to form associations or unions and Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India. Furthermore, Right to freedom also states that citizens have the Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India and also have the Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business. However, subject to reasonable restrictions by the State in the interest of the general public. Certain safeguards are envisaged to protect the citizens from exploitation and coercion.
Right against exploitation is another essential among the Fundamental Rights. This right is given in the Articles 23 and 24. It provides for two provisions such as abolition of trafficking in human beings and forced labour. The right also lays down abolition of employment of children below the age of 14 years in dangerous jobs like factories and mines. Right to freedom of religion is included under articles 25, 26, 27 and 28. It provides religious freedom to all citizens of India and sustains the principle of secularism in India. The Constitution provides that all religions are equal before the state and no religion shall be given preference over the other. Citizens are free to preach, practice and propagate any religion of their choice.
Fundamental Rights also provided Cultural and educational rights to its citizens and it is covered in Articles 29 and 30. According to this right ant community which has a language and a script of its own has the right to conserve and develop them. No citizen can be discriminated against for admission in State aided institutions. All minorities, religious or linguistic, can set up their own educational institutions in order to preserve and develop their own culture. Right to constitutional remedies is also provided in the constitution. This right authorises the citizens to move a court of law in case of any denial of the fundamental rights. The courts can issue various kinds of writs and these writs such as habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari. These writs help preserving and safeguarding the fundamental rights of the citizens of India.
Another prominent among the Fundamental Rights was the Right to property. Right to property in order to guarantee to all citizens the right to acquire hold and dispose off property. However, the 44th amendment act of 1978 removed the right to property from the list of Fundamental Rights. Article 300-A, was added to the Constitution which provided that `no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law`.
Fundamental rights are the freedoms that are given to the country`s citizens. They help in protecting as well as preventing gross violations of human rights. They give emphasis to fundamental unity of the country by guaranteeing the access and use of the same facilities, irrespective of caste, colour, creed and religion to all citizens. The fundamental rights were provided primarily to protect individuals from any arbitrary state actions, but some rights are enforceable against individuals. Only through a constitutional amendment, the Fundamental Rights can be altered. In addition to that during national and state emergency, the Fundamental Rights remain suspended.
In addition, the Fundamental Rights for Indians are aimed at overturning the inequities of past social practices. They have also been used to in sucessfully abolishing the "untouchability"; prohibit discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth; and forbid trafficking in human beings and also the forced labor. They go beyond conventional civil liberties in protecting cultural and educational rights of minorities by ensuring that minorities may preserve their distinctive languages and establish and administer their own education institutions.
Originally, the right to property was also included in the Fundamental Rights; however, the Forty-fourth Amendment, passed in 1978, revised the status of property rights by stating that "No person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law." Freedom of speech and expression, generally interpreted to include freedom of the press, can be limited "in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence"
- right to equality, including equality before law, prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, and equality of opportunity in matters of employment;
- right to freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association or union, movement, residence, and right to practice any profession or occupation (some of these rights are subject to security of the State, friendly relations with foreign countries, public order, decency or morality);
- right against exploitation, prohibiting all forms of forced labour, child labour and traffic in human beings;
- right to freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion;
- right of any section of citizens to conserve their culture, language or script, and right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice; and
- right to constitutional remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.
The Preamble of Indian Constitution states:
"WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
The preamble was adopted with the constitution in the constituent assembly. It came into effect in 1950 along with the constitution. The original draft of the constitution opened with the words `Sovereign Democratic Republic` in the first line. The words `Socialist and Secular` were inserted by the 42nd amendment. The same amendment contributed to the changes of the words unity of the nation into unity and integrity of the nation. The significance of the Preamble of Indian Constitution lies in the "We, the people". These words emphasizes that the ultimately powers are vested in the hands of the people of India. The expressions state that the constitution is made by and made for the people of India. In addition to that, the Preamble also lays down the essential national goals for every citizen justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity.
According to the Preamble of Indian Constitution, the word `Sovereign` occupies a vital role in the country. It means supreme or independent and embodies India is internally and externally sovereign and is free from the control of any foreign power. Furthermore, the country has a free government which is directly elected by the people and makes laws that govern the people. The word `Socialist` also has significance as it implies social and economic equality. The word was added by the 42nd amendment act of 1976 during the Emergency. In addition to that Social equality identifies the absence of discrimination on the grounds only of caste, colour, creed, sex, religion, or language. Besides, social equality has equal status and opportunities. The preamble also guarantees secularism. The word `Secular` was also inserted into the Preamble by the 42nd amendment act of 1976, during The Emergency. Secularism, implies equality of all religions and religious tolerance and does not identify any official state religion.
Preamble of Indian Constitution is also puts forth the terms, Democratic and Republic. India follows a democratic form of government. The people of India elect their governments at all levels such as Union, State and local by a system of universal adult franchise. India is also a Republic, in a country where the head of state is elected, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure. The President of India is the titular head of the state. Thus, the Preamble plays pivotal role and serves two purpose including and indicate to the source from which the Constitution derives its authority and stating the objects, which the Constitution seeks to establish and promote.
"0ur Constitution is to be as solid and permanent as we can make it, yet there is no permanence in a constitution. There should be a certain amount of flexibility. If you make anything rigid and permanent, you stop the nation’s growth, the growth of a living vital organic people."
- The Right to Equality;
- The Right to Freedom;
- The Right against Exploitation;
- The Right to Freedom of Religion;
- Cultural and Educational Rights; and
- The Right to Constitutional Remedies.
1. The total Solar eclipse of the 21st Century occurred on:
1) 20th July, 2009
2) 21st July, 2009
3) 22nd July, 2009
4) 23rd July, 2009
2. The following is the outline map of a country. Identify it:
3. The following is the outline map of a State in India. Identify it :
2) Uttar Pradesh
3) Tamil Nadu
Click For ANSWER
4. The following is the outline map of a District in Andhra Pradesh. Identify it:
5. The outer layer of the earth is known as :
1) Indian Ocean
2) Atlantic Ocean
3) Pacific Ocean
4) Arctic Ocean
1) North to South
2) East to West
3) Arctic circle to North pole
4) South pole to Tropic of cancer
4) Tamil Nadu
4) Tropic of Capricorn
1) Kurnool District
2) Nizamabad District
3) Vijayanagaram District
4) Chittoor District
1) Janata Government
2) United Front Government
3) National Democratic Government
4) National Front Government
12. The Article 243-G of the Indian Constitution contains :
1) The financial resources of Panchayat Raj Bodies
2) The functions of the Nyaya Panchayats
3) The powers and functions of Village Panchayats
4) The powers of chairpersons of Zilla Parishads and Mandal Parishads
13. Gandhiji launched his first Satyagraha is South Africa in the year :
14. The 97th Constitutional Amendment Act resulted in the :
1) Readjustment of Lok Sabha Constituencies
2) Prohibition of Members of Parliament to hold offices of profit
3) Increase in the number of languages in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution
4) Limiting the size of the cabinet at the centre and state levels to 10 percent of the total strength of the respective lower houses
15. The method which became popular in recent past for employing persons for various jobs in the public as well as private sectors is :
1) Contract appointments
2) Emergency recruitment
4) On-line recruitment
16. Sustainable development exactly means :
1) Improving the conditions of present generation without affecting the needs of future generation
2) Development that percoloates to the bottom level sections in the society
3) Development with social justice
4) Development that lasts for a long time
17. President Rule was imposed in Andhra Pradesh in 1973 because of:
1) Telangana agitation
2) Jai Andhra Movement
3) Political instability
4) Failure of Constitutional Machinery
18. The lowest number of seats won by the Congress Party in the Andhra Pradesh State Assembly Elections held in the year :
19. The name of the Programme recently introduced by Government of Andhra Pradesh to merge all the anti-poverty programmes into a single integrated scheme is :
2) Indira Prabha
3) Rajiv Gandhi Pragathi Patham
4) Indira Kranthi Pathakam
20. Providing microfinance arrangements to the poor women for extension of credit along with thrift-type of saving schemes is through :
1) Jawahar Rozgar Yojana
2) Self-Help Groups
3) National Rural Employment Programme
4) Indira Prabha
21. Minimum support prices for food crops to the Union Government is recommended by :
1) Agricultural Commission
2) Ministry of Agriculture
3) Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices
4) Food Corporation of India
22. The duration of medium term agricultural credit is :
1) 15 months to 5 years
2) 5 years to 10 years
3) less than 3 months
4) 3 months to 6 months
23. Karl Pearson's coefficient of correlation lies between :
1) –1 to +1
2) –1 to 0
3) 0 to 1
4) 1 to 100
REFERENCE : Wikipedia click here
24. Saving is :
1) the major determinant of growth
2) the only determinant of growth
3) one of the determinants of growth
4) not concerned with growth
1) It will diminish revenue buoyancy
2) It is a harmonised commodity taxation regime
3) Its effects are non-cascading
4) It is a self-enforcing system
1) Ability to withstand shocks
2) Use of prices as signals
3) High returns from education
4) Creation of financial discipline
1) No Government intervention
2) Investment in physical capital
3) Integration with the global economy
4) A rapidly changing macroeconomy
1) The Prime Minister
2) The President
3) The Parliament
4) The Chairman of the Planning Commission
1) Reserve Bank of India
2) Ministry of Finance
4) Scheduled Commercial Bank
31. Alfred Noble is associated with the invention of :
1) Cosmic rays
1) 365 days
2) 30 days
3) 1 day
4) 12 hours
33. Permanent hardness of water is due to the presence of :
1) Calcium sulphate
2) Calcium bicarbonate
3) Sodium bicarbonate
4) Magnesium bicarbonate
1) Cooling of lower atmosphere
2) Warming of upper atmosphere
3) Cooling of upper atmosphere
4) Warming of lower atmosphere
REFERENCE: Click Here
35. Pace-maker is related to :
36. Inertia is the property of :
37. Tea will cool most easily in :
1) glass cup
2) metal cup
3) clay cup
4) porcelain cup
40. The colour given by excess Lithium in Lithium Chloride solid is :
41. Sodium benzoate is used as a :
1) flavouring agent
3) colouring agent
1) Copper and Aluminium
2) Copper and Tin
3) Copper and Zinc
4) Copper and Nickel
1) calcium dihydrogen phosphate
2) potassium hydrogen phosphate
3) sodium hydrogen sulphate
4) ammonium bicarbonate
1) Blue coloured pigment
2) Yellow coloured pigment
3) Brown coloured pigment
4) Orange coloured pigment
REFERENCE : Click Here
49. In the area of Biotechnology enzyme that is produced commercially both from plants and microbes is :
51. The study of animal behaviour is called as :
4) Code of nomenclature
REFERENCE : Click Here
57. The United Nations Climate Change Conference, 2009 was concluded in :
4) Abhidhamma Pitaka
1) High Court of Gujarat
2) High Court of Tamil Nadu
3) High Court of Himachal Pradesh
4) High Court of Andhra Pradesh
1) 25th October, 2009
2) 30th October, 2009
3) 14th October, 2009
4) 24th October, 2009
61. The Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation Model of Economic Development assigns a key role to the :
1) Foreign Direct Investment
2) Information Technology
3) Private Sector
4) Public-Private partnership
1) Reserve Bank of India
2) Bombay Stock Exchange
3) National Stock Exchange
4) International Stock Exchange
1) Ministry of Finance
2) Eleventh Five Year Plan
3) Tenth Five Year Plan
4) Planning Commission
2) Involvement of Foreign Providers
3) Earmaking 60% of the national income for higher education
4) Public-Private partnership
1) Balance of payments crisis
2) Crisis in Public Sector
3) Financial crisis
4) Foreign exchange
1) April, June
2) January, December
3) April, July
4) June, October
71. In a group of 15 people, 7 read French, 8 read English while 3 of them read none of these two. How many of them read both French and English?
2) First Aid
3) Cross Road
4) No Parking
76. If these letters RIDANI DINAGM rearranged, it would be the name of a :
1) Political leader
1) High Jump
2) Home Run
1) Eoin Coulfer
2) J.K. Rowling
3) Salman Rushdie
4) Edgar Rice Burroughs
2) Hercule Poirot
1) With you all the way
2) A tradition of trust
3) Trusted family Bank
4) Care at every stage of life
1) Union Public Service Commission
2) Government of Andhra Pradesh
3) University Grants Commission
4) National Council of Educational Research and Training
2) Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
3) Steel Authority of India Limited
4) Bharat Heavey Electricals Limited
1) Indian Bank
2) Canara Bank
3) Syndicate Bank
4) Andhra Bank
87. 'Body' includes 'limb' as 'tree' includes :
1) 5 minutes
2) 10 minutes
3) 10 minutes
4) 15 minutes
91. Who known as the Plato of the Jat tribe?
2) Raja Ram
4) Badan Singh
1) Nawab of Awadh
2) The Nizam of Hyderabad
3) Raja of Banaras
4) The Jats of Bharatpur
1) Warren Hastings
1) Dadabhai Naoroji
2) Gopalkrishna Gokhale
3) M.G. Ranade
4) Balgangadhar Tilak
96. Who was popularly called as Andhra Shivaji?
1) Duggirala Gopala Krishnaiah
2) Kanneganti Hanumanthu
3) Konda Venkatappaiah
4) P. Veerayya Chowdary
1) Chandragupta I
3) Chandragupta Maurya
1) Pulakesin I
2) Pulakesin II
3) Mahendravarman I
4) Mahendravarman II
3) Sir William John
4) Sir Thomas Roe
1) Bahu Begam
2) Bharagal Nisha
3) Maharul Nisa
1) August 12, 1946
2) August 15, 1946
3) August 16, 1946
4) August 15, 1947
1) Vandemataram Movement
2) Quit India Movement
3) Salt Satyagraha
4) Non-Cooperation Movement
108.The highest peak in Australia is :
1) Mt. Ossa
2) Mt. Woodroppe
3) Mt. Bruce
4) Mt. Kosciuska
111.The region between Kunlun mountains and the Alyn Tagh is called:
1) Mongolian plateau
2) Dzungarian Basin
3) Tsaidam Basin
4) Tarim Basin
1) Mt. Cameroon
2) Mt. Kilimanjaro
3) Mt. Elgon
4) Mt. Kenya
2) Arunachal Pradesh
2) Andhra Pradesh
3) Ranga Reddy
1) Anjana Sharma
2) Yugratna Srivastava
3) Soumya Bhattacharjee
4) Pratiksha Chakravarthy
1) S.H. Kapadia
2) A.R. Dave
3) D.S.R. Varma
4) K.G. Balakrishnan
1) 1st January, 2010
2) 1st February, 2010
3) 1st March, 2010
4) 1st April, 2010
1) 5th May, 2010
2) 6th May, 2010
3) 7th May, 2010
4) 8th May, 2010
126.The ICC World Women's Twenty-20, Champion 2010 is :
2) Sri Lanka
4) New Zealand
1) 15th January, 2010
2) 16th January, 2010
3) 17th January, 2010
4) 18th January, 2010
1) 300 km
2) 500 km
3) 700 km
4) 900 km
1) Boiko Borisov
2) Veselin Topalov
3) Dinara Safina
4) Ana Ivanovic
Commissioner of India in Himachal Pradesh on 12th June, 2010 as he happened to be :
1) One of the senior citizens of India
2) One of the voters casting his vote in all the elections
3) One of the first few voters of Pre-independent India
4) One of the first few voters of Independent India
131.Swayamsidha Scheme launched in the year 2002 was dedicated to:
1) Women's Literacy
2) Women's Health
3) Women's Empowerment
40 Women's Welfare
1) Sudarsan Pattnaik
2) Someswar Pathak
3) Goutham Prasad
4) Harischandra Mukharjee
1) Olivers Williamson
2) Herta Mueller
3) Elinor Ostrom
4) Thomas Steitz
1) Sameer Mishra
2) Kavya Shivashankar
3) Anamika Veeramani
4) Shantanu Srivastav
1) March, 2011
2) March, 2012
3) March, 2015
4) March, 2020
1) February, 2011
2) July, 2011
3) January, 2012
4) June, 2012
1) South Africa and Mexico
2) South Africa and Nigeria
3) South Africa and America
4) South Africa and England
1) Bureau of Energy Efficiency
2) United Nations
3) European Union
4) World Wide Fund for Nature/World Wildlife Fund
3) Sri Lanka
1) Oscar award
2) Nobel award
3) Dada Saheb Phalke award
4) Bhatnagar award
3) Narasimhavarman I
4) Narasimhavarman II
4) Pratapa Rudra
3) Satapatha Brahmana
4) Gopatha Brahmana
146.In the Chola Kingdom, a very large village administered as a single unit was called :
1) Alauddin Khalji
2) Ghyasuddin Tughlaq
3) Firuz Tughlaq
2) Devaraya II
NOTE: If you find any mistakes in the above key, please leave a comment below so that we can correct our mistakes, if any.
You can download this Group 1 Preliminary Exam, 2010 Question paper here.
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